Mud-Puddling Butterflies

To supplements salts and amino acids, many species of butterfly drink water from mud or rotting matter. This is because nectar lacks many of the minerals and nutrients needed for proper physiological functioning. Some species even supplement their nutrients with dung or carrion.

Geoff Gallice, chinmayisk on Flickr

Yellow Tang (Zebrasoma flavescens)
In the wild, yellow tangs provide cleaning services for sea turtles. The fish gather in groups and pick off algae from the turtle’s shells. This is mutually beneficial as the turtles get their shells cleaned while the fish get a meal.
Peter Liu via Flickr

Yellow Tang (Zebrasoma flavescens)

In the wild, yellow tangs provide cleaning services for sea turtles. The fish gather in groups and pick off algae from the turtle’s shells. This is mutually beneficial as the turtles get their shells cleaned while the fish get a meal.

Peter Liu via Flickr

Sundew and Fly

Sundews are a genus of carnivorous plants that ensnare their prey with sticky drops of mucilage. Once stuck, the insect will either die of exhaustion or asphyxiation as the glue like substance blocks their breathing holes. The plant is able to release enzymes that dissolve the insect, freeing nutrients which are absorbed and used for growth.

© via Flickr

Pom-Pom Crab (Lybia tessellata)
The pom-pom crab is known for forming a symbiotic relationship with small anemones, which it carries around in its claws. If threatened, the crab will use the stinging tentacles of the anemone as a weapon and wave them to deter the attacker. They can also be used to catch and immobolise prey.
Eliot Ferguson via Flickr

Pom-Pom Crab (Lybia tessellata)

The pom-pom crab is known for forming a symbiotic relationship with small anemones, which it carries around in its claws. If threatened, the crab will use the stinging tentacles of the anemone as a weapon and wave them to deter the attacker. They can also be used to catch and immobolise prey.

Eliot Ferguson via Flickr

Orchid Mantis (Hymenopus coronatus)
The orchid mantiis is native to the rainforests of southeast Asia. The species is an ambush predator and uses its bright colours and flattened appendages to disguise itself as the petals of an orchid. Any curious insect attracted by the ‘flower’ is quickly snatched with a pair of sharp claws.
Laurence Norah on Flickr

Orchid Mantis (Hymenopus coronatus)

The orchid mantiis is native to the rainforests of southeast Asia. The species is an ambush predator and uses its bright colours and flattened appendages to disguise itself as the petals of an orchid. Any curious insect attracted by the ‘flower’ is quickly snatched with a pair of sharp claws.

Laurence Norah on Flickr

Squirrels make up 42% of the springtime biomass of Detroit

Fish Lives for 66 Days Out of Water
The mangrove killifish (Kryptolebias marmoratus) is a tropical fish native to the coast from Florida to Brazil. The fish is able to survive out of water by breathing and excreting through their skin.
The fish is naturally found in brackish water environments, living in shallow ditches, crab burrows and even discarded beer cans. When their habitat is in danger of drying out, the fish takes refuge in moist environments such as logs.
During this time, the fish’s gills are temporarily altered to preserve water and nutrients. Gas exchange, as well as waste excretion occurs through the skin.These changes are reversed once the fish re-enters water.
In laboratory tests, the fish was found to be able to survive for 66 days without water. This is unique in that the fish is able to remain metabolically active throughout this period unlike the lungfish, which enters a dormancy state in the absence of water. 
Information: Wikipedia, Reuters
Image: Cardet co6cs via wikimedia commons

Fish Lives for 66 Days Out of Water

The mangrove killifish (Kryptolebias marmoratus) is a tropical fish native to the coast from Florida to Brazil. The fish is able to survive out of water by breathing and excreting through their skin.

The fish is naturally found in brackish water environments, living in shallow ditches, crab burrows and even discarded beer cans. When their habitat is in danger of drying out, the fish takes refuge in moist environments such as logs.

During this time, the fish’s gills are temporarily altered to preserve water and nutrients. Gas exchange, as well as waste excretion occurs through the skin.These changes are reversed once the fish re-enters water.

In laboratory tests, the fish was found to be able to survive for 66 days without water. This is unique in that the fish is able to remain metabolically active throughout this period unlike the lungfish, which enters a dormancy state in the absence of water. 

Information: Wikipedia, Reuters

Image: Cardet co6cs via wikimedia commons